Attention Assist: A High-Level Information Fusion Framework for Situation and Threat Assessment in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Driver inattentiveness constitutes the main cause of road accidents, which makes it a major factor in road safety. In this paper, the authors propose a comprehensive framework to address the road safety problem by tackling it from a high-level information fusion standpoint, considering vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) as the deployment platform. The proposed framework relies on the multientity Bayesian networks (MEBNs), which exploit the expressiveness of first-order logic for semantic relations, and the strength of the Bayesian networks in handling uncertainty. First, the entities that influence the inattention phenomenon, as well as both their causal and semantic relationships, are identified. Next, an MEBN-based high-level information fusion framework is proposed through which entities, situations, and their relationships in specific contexts are modeled using MEBN fragments. Furthermore, MEBN inference is used to assess the situations of interest by estimating their states. To demonstrate the capabilities of the proposed framework, a collision warning system simulator has been developed, which evaluates the likelihood of a vehicle being in a near-collision situation using a wide variety of local and global information sources available in various VANET environments. If the threat of being in a near-collision situation is determined to be high, then the driver is warned accordingly. The authors' experimental results for two distinct single-vehicle and multivehicle categories of driving scenarios, as well as a novel hybrid MEBN inference, demonstrate the capability of the proposed framework to efficiently achieve situation and threat assessment on the road.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01601111
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: May 3 2016 9:07AM