Predicting Home and Work Locations Using Public Transport Smart Card Data by Spectral Analysis

Knowledge of home and work locations of population is essential for transport planning and urban development. The authors present a method to predict and validate home and work locations of commuters using their public transport smart card data. Existing works rely on statistical techniques to interpret public transport transactions. The authors' method goes one step further by exploring the underlying repeated travelling patterns between home and work place. It first uses several features extracted from a card holder's ride records (i.e., the length of time that he/she stays at a location, the times he/she visits a place, etc.) to evaluate the likelihood of a location is associated with the card holder's home/work places. Rank aggregation technique is then applied to derive a comprehensive location ranking list. A few top ranked locations are picked out for further analysis, where the travel records between any two of them are arranged as a time series. Spectral analysis is applied on the time series in attempt to identify periodic travelling patterns. The most likely home/work pair is selected based on a proper period and dominant frequency which implies regular travelling activities between the card holder's home and work place. Finally, home and work locations are discriminated based on the assumption that a person goes to his/her work place mostly on weekdays and rarely on weekends. The authors apply this method on a three-month Singapore smart card dataset and evaluate the result against a ground truth obtained from Singapore urban planning programme. Validation results show that the proposed method is able to predict meaningful home and work places.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 2788-2793
  • Monograph Title: 18th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC 2015)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01601009
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9781467365956
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 2 2016 3:22PM