One-Dimensional Simulations and Experimental Analysis of a Wastegated Turbine for Automotive Engines under Unsteady Flow Conditions

In this paper, the unsteady-state behavior of a turbocharger wastegated turbine (IHI-RHF3) is investigated using both an experimental approach and a numerical approach. First, an experimental campaign is performed in a specialized test rig operating at the University of Genoa, for different openings of the wastegate valve and under steady flow and unsteady flow operations. An appropriate configuration of the turbine outlet circuit fitted with a separating wall is used to carry out instantaneous measurements downstream of the turbine wheel and the wastegate valve. The above data constitute the basis for the tuning and validation of a one-dimensional turbine model recently developed at the University of Naples. Preliminary model tuning is carried out on the basis of the characteristic map measured for a completely closed wastegate valve under steady flow operations. A refined one-dimensional schematization of the experimental apparatus is implemented within the commercial GT-Power® software, including the turbine, the wastegate circuit and the upstream and downstream measuring stations. In particular, the classical map-based approach is suitably corrected with a sequence of pipes that schematizes each component of the turbine (the inlet and outlet ducts, the volute and the wheel) to account for the wave propagation and storage phenomena inside the machine. A detailed one-dimensional schematization of the wastegate circuit is also implemented and independently tuned. The turbine model capability under unsteady flow conditions is tested for different wastegate openings and pulse frequencies, by applying time-dependent boundary conditions. In particular, the pressures and temperatures measured upstream and downstream are imposed at the model ends, and the instantaneous mass flow rate and the actual power are numerically evaluated. The results are compared with the experimental data, demonstrating good accuracy and showing some improvements with respect to the standard turbine modelling in the case of the mass flow rate prediction. On the contrary, the computed actual power shows some inaccuracies, especially at higher pulse frequencies.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01605221
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 29 2016 4:00PM