Cooperative Energy Trading in CoMP Systems Powered by Smart Grids

This paper studies the energy management in coordinated multipoint (CoMP) systems powered by smart grids, where each base station (BS) with local renewable energy generation is allowed to implement two-way energy trading with the grid. Due to the uneven renewable energy supply and communication energy demand over distributed BSs, as well as the difference in the prices for their buying/selling energy from/to the grid, it is beneficial for the cooperative BSs to jointly manage their energy trading with the grid and energy consumption in CoMP-based communication for reducing the total energy cost. Specifically, the authors consider the downlink transmission in one CoMP cluster by jointly optimizing the BSs' purchased/sold energy units from/to the grid and their cooperative transmit precoding to minimize the total energy cost subject to the given quality-of-service (QoS) constraints for the users. First, the authors obtain the optimal solution to this problem by developing an algorithm based on techniques from convex optimization and uplink–downlink duality. Next, the authors propose a suboptimal solution of lower complexity than the optimal solution, where zero-forcing (ZF)-based precoding is implemented at the BSs. Finally, through extensive simulations, the authors show the performance gain achieved by the proposed joint energy trading and communication cooperation schemes in terms of energy cost reduction, as compared with conventional schemes that separately design communication cooperation and energy trading.

Language

  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01597975
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 19 2016 3:57PM