Nitrate reducing CaCO₃ precipitating bacteria survive in mortar and inhibit steel corrosion

Microbial healing of concrete cracks is a relatively slow process, and meanwhile the steel rebar is exposed to corrosive substances. Nitrate reducing bacteria can inhibit corrosion and provide crack healing, by simultaneously producing NO₂ˉ and inducing CaCO₃ precipitation. In this study, the functionality of one non-axenic and two axenic NO₃ˉ reducing cultures for the development of corrosion resistant self-healing concrete was investigated. Both axenic cultures survived in mortar when incorporated in protective carriers and became active 3 days after the pH dropped below 10. The non-axenic culture named “activated compact denitrifying core” (ACDC) revealed comparable resuscitation performance without any additional protection. Moreover, ACDC induced passivation of the steel in corrosive electrolyte solution (0.05 M NaCl) by producing 57 mM NO₂ˉ in 1 week. The axenic cultures produced NO₂ˉ up to 26.8 mM, and passivation breakdown and pitting corrosion were observed. Overall, ACDC appears suitable for corrosion resistant microbial self-healing concrete.


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  • Accession Number: 01597425
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 13 2016 4:19PM