Costs and benefits of US aviation noise land-use policies

Aircraft noise affects human health and welfare. One method US airports use to mitigate the impact of noise on nearby residents is through sound insulation and residential land acquisition projects. Costs of residential insulation and acquisition projects are taken from federal grant summaries while the benefits of noise reduction are calculated as the combined willingness-to-pay for abatement and direct and indirect costs of illness from hypertension, myocardial infarction, and stroke. The authors show that the average cost of sound insulation projects is $15,600 per person affected while that of land acquisition is $48,900 per person affected. The authors find that for only in 15% of projects do the benefits to residents from willingness-to-pay for reduction and reduced risk of mortality and morbidity exceed the costs of sound insulation for residences exposed to 65 dB Day Night Level (DNL) of noise. The authors' estimates suggest that noise insulation projects are more cost-effective than fleet wide mandatory aircraft retirement.


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  • Accession Number: 01597557
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 12 2016 4:44PM