Optimal power distribution of front and rear motors for minimizing energy consumption of 4-wheel-drive electric vehicles
In this paper, the optimal power distribution of the front and rear motors for minimizing energy consumption of a four wheel drive (4WD) electric vehicle (EV) is investigated. An optimal power distribution control is developed based on the mathematical energy consumption model of an EV. The objective function is defined while ignoring time. And, the time effect is applied by considering the objective function for every single driving point which consists of the vehicle driving force and velocity. From the optimization problem, the optimal torque distribution maps of the front and rear motors can be obtained for all vehicle driving force and velocity ranges. These maps can be expressed using a 3-dimensional map. If the vehicle driving force and velocity are determined, the optimal front and rear motor torques can be determined using these maps. These maps can distribute the front and rear motor torques for the entire velocity range. Thus, these maps can perform the optimal power (torque times speed) distribution of the front and rear motors for minimizing the energy consumption of the 4WD EV. The performance of the optimal power distribution is evaluated by comparing the energy consumption to that of simple power distribution control. For obtaining the energy consumption, a vehicle driving simulation is performed. For the simulation, the driving cycle is required, and the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) is used. From the simulation results, it is found that the energy consumption of simple power distribution is 4.8 % larger than the optimal one. Thus, the optimal power distribution can minimize the 4WD EV energy consumption as the optimization objective function.
- Record URL:
- Find a library where document is available. Order URL: http://worldcat.org/issn/12299138
- Copyright © Springer International Publishing AG 2016.
- Kim, J
- Publication Date: 2016-4
- Media Type: Web
- Features: References;
- Pagination: pp 319-326
- TRT Terms: Electric power transmission; Electric vehicles; Energy consumption; Engine efficiency; Four wheel drive; Motors; Optimization
- Subject Areas: Energy; Highways; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 01597507
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Apr 11 2016 10:23AM