RP-2015 Carbon Reductions and Co-benefits: final report: part I, literature and practice review of Australian policies relating urban planning and public health

The report describes current planning and policy interventions in place in Australia to encourage low carbon active transport forms such as walking, cycling and public transport. It describes the importance of research on co-benefits and the need for the CRC to support a major research initiative in this field. Such a project will identify and quantify co-benefits for public health and productivity from the planning and evaluation of low carbon urban precincts – the core activity of the CRC’s Low Carbon Precincts research program. The review found clear and growing interest in co-benefits, but also indicates that while there are some significant programs in the health sector, these interests are largely uncoordinated, especially from an urban planning perspective. In addition, there is a need for quantitative tools to allow the co-benefits to be included in the economic evaluation process of precinct assessment. The review found three relevant existing tools: the Health Economic Assessment Tool (HEAT) developed by the World Health Organization (WHO), the New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA) transport project evaluation tool and the United Nations University (UNU) co-benefits evaluation framework. Contrary to some expectations at the start of the study, there are few, if any, ‘co-benefits calculators’ suitable for use by planners, government agencies and developers. None of the precinct assessment tools such as Local Area Envisioning and Sustainability Scoring System (LESS) and Sustainable Systems Integration Model (SSIM), Precinx and Mutopia (see Newton et al, 2013) include co-benefits calculations, although there is a clear desire to include these in evaluations. Further, none of the existing tools (HEAT, UNU and NZTA) are explicitly designed for use in precinct assessment. While each of the existing tools has useful aspects for inclusion in co-benefits analysis for precinct assessment, none of them provide a stand-alone capability.


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 38p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01594953
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 30 2016 10:51AM