The humidity drying cycle gives rise to surface and body cracks in plastic clay. The cracks appear in the initial stages when the clay is being heated in a saturated atmosphere. Various factors affecting cracking in this initial heating stage were studied using a purified kaolin in the plastic state, and appropriate experimental models were used to isolate certain aspects for study. It is shown that the condensation of moisture on the clay surface is the major factor influencing the cracking of the plastic clay. The effect of thermal diffusion is insignificant and the loss of mechanical strength is of secondary importance. The balance of evidence from the literature and from this study indicates that capillarity plays a major part in the movement of moisture and the production of stresses during drying. When air spaces are present in the body, thermal capillarity may become important. Stresses caused by thermal expansion oppose those caused by drying shrinkage, while the thermal expansion of capillaries will have a negligible effect.

  • Corporate Authors:

    American Ceramic Society

    65 Ceramic Way
    Columbus, OH  United States  43714
  • Authors:
    • Lancaster, B W
    • McCartney, E R
  • Publication Date: 1964-6

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00264666
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 29 1975 12:00AM