Fitted personality - beyond the traits

Personality is a moderator between stimuli and behaviour. We are asking for personality when we are trying to establish why people in similar situations are acting different. On the road, some drivers in similar situations are taking risky manoeuvres, some other not. It is the reason to describe personality, find factors allowing to predict probability of fatal errors and - in extreme situations - recommend to refuse driving-licence to some individuals. Whenever human factors in an accident include decision making, the personality is an important part of explanation. In Directive 2006/126/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on driving-licences in Annex III we can find a recommendation: "(13.1.) Driving-licences shall not be issued to, or renewed for, applicants or drivers who suffer from severe behavioural problems due to ageing; or personality defects leading to seriously impaired judgment, behaviour or adaptability." In Polish regulations (implementing the Directive) psychological examination, parallel to medical, includes investigation of emotional stability, maladjustment and stress coping (intellectual and cognitive performance, and psychomotor ability is also tested). It is concluded that there is no simple personality risk factor allowing to predict a risk of traffic accident. However, always when decision making is one of the accident causes, personality is an important issue. Accidents happen when the task is too difficult to be handled by the driver. On the next level explanation we have risk-taking or cognitive failures. These two factors are not constant individual properties, but always they have the background - the personality structure, important experiences or habits. As this background makes the attidude modification easy or very difficult, personality is a very important part of human fitness to drive.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: pp 16-8
  • Monograph Title: Fit to drive. Proceedings of the 8th International traffic expert congress. Warsaw, May 8th-9th 2014
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01597277
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • ISBN: 978-3-2812-1918-2
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Mar 22 2016 2:55AM