Greener shipping? A consideration of the issues associated with the introduction of emission control areas

This paper draws upon original research undertaken in the United Kingdom and Sweden. It considers the enforcement of regulations associated with the limitation of air emissions from shipping. Specifically, it considers the enforcement of regulations pertaining to the Baltic and North Sea emission control areas (ECAs). The paper outlines the steps that have been taken to ensure vessel compliance in these ECAs. It describes the effectiveness of such enforcement as well as current limitations and gives specific emphasis to the views of vessel operators. The paper ends with a series of recommendations that have been arrived at following discussion of the research findings with a select group of industry experts.


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01596835
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 17 2016 3:00PM