Ageing in modified bitumen using FTIR spectroscopy

Modified binders exhibit complex rheological behaviour due to the interaction of the modifiers with the base binder and the manner in which they age during field applications. Quantification of the interaction and the ageing of such modified binders is currently a necessity. In this investigation, three modified binders (elastomer, plastomer, and crumb rubber) and the base bitumen were subjected to different ageing conditions and the evolution of the chemical functionalities during ageing were tracked using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Analysis of the spectra of modified binders immediately after the production process showed that while the elastomer modified binders exhibited physical interaction, the plastomer and crumb rubber modified binders exhibited physical and chemical interactions. During ageing, there was no subsequent evolution of the interactions and one could only see chemical functionalities related to oxidation. Analysis of the spectra showed that the carbonyl and sulphoxide exhibit identical trends whereas aliphaticity and aromaticity deviate drastically.


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  • Accession Number: 01596447
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 15 2016 3:00PM