This article describes an HSRI study which examined four aspects of fire in motor vehicle accidents; the number of such fires that occur annually, the number of fatalities accompanied by such fires, the number of fatalities resulting directly from such fires, and relationships between types of crashes, fuel leakage, fuel-fed fires, and associated fatalities. The study examined three broad categories of data: 1) Seven previous research studies in this subject area; 2) Four separate bodies of HSRI-held traffic accident and medical data; 3) Five sets of mortality records maintained by various state or national fire protection or public health organizations. The study found that approximately 17,000 fires result from motor vehicle accidents annually, that from 720 to 1,250 fatalities are accompanied by those fires, and that from 450 to 650 of those fire-associated fatalities result directly from the vehicle fires. The study also found that from 180 to 260 annual fatalities resulting from vehicle fires could be eliminated if all vehicles on U.S. roadways were to comply with the standards contained in the newly amended Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 301. This could be accomplished over approximately a ten-year period of new-model car introductions.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This report was sponsored by Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association, Detroit, Michigan.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Highway Safety Research Institute

    Huron Parkway and Baxter Road
    Ann Arbor, MI  United States  48109
  • Authors:
    • Cooley, P
  • Publication Date: 1974-9

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 20 p.
  • Serial:
    • HIT Lab Reports
    • Volume: 5
    • Issue Number: 1
    • Publisher: University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00264507
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HSRI-52039
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 9 1975 12:00AM