A Markovian Model for Coarse-Timescale Channel Variation in Wireless Networks

A wide range of wireless channel models has been developed to model variations in received signal strength. In contrast to prior work, which has focused primarily on channel modeling on a short per-packet timescale (millisecond), the authors develop and validate a finite-state Markovian model that captures variations due to shadowing, which occur at coarser timescales. The Markov chain is constructed by partitioning the entire range of shadowing into a finite number of intervals. The authors determine the Markov chain transition matrix in two ways: 1) via an abstract modeling approach, in which shadowing effects are modeled as a lognormally distributed random process affecting the received power, and the transition probabilities are derived as functions of the variance and autocorrelation function of shadowing; and 2) via an empirical approach, in which the transition matrix is calculated by directly measuring the changes in signal strengths. The authors test the assumptions of our Markovian model using signal strength measurements collected over an 802.16e (WiMAX) network and a wireless multihop network deployed by Rice University, Houston, TX, USA. The authors compare the steady-state and transient performance of the model with those computed using the empirically derived transition matrix and those observed in the actual traces themselves.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01598113
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 15 2016 10:48AM