Effect of Temperature on the Toughness of Locally Manufactured Low Alloy Steel SUP9 Used for Manufacturing Leaf Springs

The effect of heat treatment on locally manufactured low alloy steel grade SUP9 most frequently used in making leaf springs for automobiles was studied. While for determination of toughness and hardness Charpy impact testing machine and Rockwell hardness tester were used. The cryogenic test temperatures were achieved by soaking the samples in liquid nitrogen and temperature was measured using digital thermometer capable of reading the temperature from -40-200°C. Hardening, tempering and austempering treatments were conducted using muffle furnace and salt bath furnace. After heat treatment samples were quenched in oil. The results of present work confirmed that toughness and hardness are inversely related with each other and are highly dependent on the type of heat treatment employed. Highest toughness was measured after austempering at 450°C. Effect of test temperature revealed that toughness of the samples increased significantly with decreasing temperature. DBTT (Ductile to Brittle Transition Temperature) of the austempered samples was observed at -10°C, whereas, that of tempered samples could not be determined. Based on the test results authors wish to recommend the 600°C tempering temperature in place of 450°C where normally tempering is practiced in Alwin industry Karachi during manufacturing of leaf spring.


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  • Accession Number: 01595597
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 8 2016 11:51AM