Time Use of the Urban Poor and Rural Poor on Activities and Travel in Gujarat, India: Similarities and Differences

This paper explores the impact of being poor on time use decisions and the similarities and differences between urban and rural areas in Gujarat, India. For this purpose, the authors develop discrete-continuous time use models for (1) mobile/immobile choices and the time allocated to travel, (2) time use for subsistence activities and (3) time use for social and leisure activities. The empirical results show that (1) while a number of similar impacts of being poor are confirmed between urban and rural areas, significant differences are also observed, possibly because of the different labor needs in urban (tertiary sector) areas versus rural (primary sector) areas, infrastructure differences (such as roads and water supply), and so on. The results provide evidence that although the meaning of “poor” from the income/expenditure perspective may not differ between urban and rural areas, it is unignorably different from the perspective of time use.


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  • Japanese

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  • Accession Number: 01598157
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
  • Files: TRIS, JSTAGE
  • Created Date: Mar 1 2016 3:02PM