The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of routing urban small freight transport through a consolidated terminal. The characteristics of vehicles making pickup and delivery shipments ranging from 1 to 5,000 lb in the Columbus, Ohio, CBD on a typical business day by both private and for-hire carriers were examined, as was the effect of a consolidated terminal on these characteristics. The vehicle characteristics studied include the number and types of vehicles; vehicle capacity utilization; distance traveled and air pollutants emitted within the CBD: aggregated daily transit, unloading, and loading times and queuing time prior to loading or unloading; and pickup and delivery costs measured by applying a standard hourly cost to the total vehicle time within the CBD. A simulation technique was used, and data were collected through a cordon survey and driver interviews. The findings of the study indicate that the simulation model validly replicated freight flows. When these shipments were routed through a consolidated terminal, a 90 percent reduction in vehicle flow resulted, with a 73 percent reduction in vehicle operating costs, which represents an annual savings of approximately 2 million dollars.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 36-42
  • Monograph Title: URBAN GOODS MOVEMENT
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00263345
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 030902286X
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Nov 20 1974 12:00AM