NUCLEAR ENERGY AND FUEL CELLS

THE USE OF NUCLEAR ENERGY AND FUEL CELLS FOR VEHICLE PROPULSION IS DISCUSSED. AN UNLIMITED SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY IS A PRE-REQUISITE OF CHARGEABLE ELECTRIC VEHICLES. NUCLEAR GENERATED ELECTRICITY IS NECESSARY BUT THE UNITED KINGDOM HAS FEW NUCLEAR GENERATING STATIONS. THE UNITED STATES IS EXPECTED TO OBTAIN 50% OF THEIR ELECTRICITY FROM NUCLEAR STATIONS BY 1980 SO ELECTRIC VEHICLES HAVE A FUTURE THERE. THE ONLY PRACTICAL ALTERNATIVE FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM IS A FUEL CELL POWERED VEHICLE. THE ELECTROVAN HAS 32 HYDROGEN- OXYGEN FUEL CELLS INSTALLED BENEATH ITS FLOOR. THE FINAL DRIVE ELECTRIC MOTOR OPERATES UP TO 13,700 REV/MIN. INVERTERS TRANSFORM THE DC FROM THE FUEL CELL SO THAT PROGRESSIVE FREQUENCIES ARE OBTAINED TO GIVE EFFICIENT SPEED CONTROL. A RESERVE RESERVOIR HOLDS 10 GALLONS OF AN AEQUEOUS SOLUTION OF POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE. THE FUEL CELLS GIVE A RANGE OF 120 MILES FOR 12 LB WEIGHT OF LIQUID HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN STORED. THE FULL CELL HAS A THERMAL EFFICIENCY TWICE THAT OF A PETROL ENGINE AND HAS A TOP SPEED OF 70MPH. DIAGRAMS OF THE ELECTROVAN AND ITS FLUID SYSTEMS ARE GIVEN. FUEL CELLS HAVE STRONG ADVANTAGES BUT CONSIDERABLE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT WORK IS NEEDED. /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Design Engineering Publications Limited

    89 Blackfriars Road
    London SE1,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Davoren, LAV
  • Publication Date: 1974-3-4

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00262967
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 20 1974 12:00AM