OFFSHORE OIL TERMINAL DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS FOR UNITED STATES WATERS
There is economic pressure to use very large crude oil tankers to carry oil to U.S. refineries. These tankers of 200,000 to 500,000 dead weight tons need harbors with 60 to 90 feet of water. The U.S. East Coast and Gulf Coast ports are limited to 38 to 42 foot draft vessels. Dredging costs for these larger tankers are staggering. Environmental damage such dredging would causes adds to the need to find a better way to handle these vessels. Single Point Mooring Buoys with pipelines located offshore is one potential system with several advantages. This report examines the advantages and assesses the environmental impact of their use.
- A paper presented at the Chesapeake Section of the Society of Naval ARchitects and Marine Engineers, January 7, 1974.
Department of Commerce1401 Constitution Avenue, NW
Washington, DC USA 20230
- Black, R W
- Publication Date: 1974-1-7
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 14 p.
- TRT Terms: Alternatives analysis; Offshore moorings; Offshore terminals; Offshore transfer; Petroleum industry; Single point moorings
- Old TRIS Terms: Offshore loading; Petroleum economics
- Subject Areas: Marine Transportation; Terminals and Facilities;
- Accession Number: 00051030
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Maritime Administration
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Feb 20 1974 12:00AM