RESTRAINT USAGE SYSTEM - EDUCATION, ELECTRONIC INDUCEMENT SYSTEMS OR MANDATORY USAGE LEGISLATION?
BELT TYPE RESTRAINT SYSTEMS have been available in production passenger cars since 1949 when Nash-Kelvinator Corporation (now American Motors) installed them on a reclining back front seat to hold sleeping occupants in position. Installation was mandated by 34 states because of legislation enacted in the early 1960's (1). The effectiveness of belt restraint systems for reducing or preventing automobile accident injury is well documented in the literature. Belt type restraint systems have failed as an effective safety device for injury reduction because they are not used. A review of past, present, and contemplated methods of inducing belt restraint system usage is presented. The successes and failures of past efforts and the reasons for belt rejection by the majority of vehicle occupants is examined. An approach for increasing usage of present restrain systems is suggested.
American Association for Automotive MedicineP.O. Box 222
Morton Grove, IL United States 60053
American Association for Automotive Medicine801 Green Bay Road
Lake Bluff, IL United States 60044
- STATES, J D
- Publication Date: 0
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 11 p.
- Issue Number: 0
- TRT Terms: Automobiles; Laws; Manual safety belts; Restraint systems; Traffic crashes
- Uncontrolled Terms: Motor vehicle accidents
- Old TRIS Terms: Occupant restraint
- Subject Areas: Highways; Law; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00262738
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Dec 13 1974 12:00AM