In this closure of the discussion of this paper, the author agrees with one of the discussants that the failure of a wall founded on clay can occur by sliding along the base although the retaining wall may have been otherwise adequately designed. The compaction of granular backfill behind a retaining wall built on bedrock can result in very much greater earth pressure than the at-rest condition. It is also pointed out that the use of mild steel for anchors of a bulkhead may permit yielding without failure, on the other hand, such movement can, in the course of time, exceed permissible limits. The author is familiar with several cases where excessive movement of a bulkhead eventually required installation of additional anchors despite the fact that they had not failed.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This is a closure of a paper by Leo Casagrande, published February, 1973, (Proc. Paper 9568).
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society of Civil Engineers

    345 East 47th Street
    New York, NY  United States  10017-2398
  • Authors:
    • Casagrande, L
  • Publication Date: 1974-5

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00262731
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Proc. Paper 10504
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 27 1974 12:00AM