The sequential development of water quality standards for the State of Hawaii, commencing with the passage of the Federal Water Quality Act of 1965, resulted in the enactment of receiving water standards in January, 1968, that were expressed in terms of basic freedoms and through eight specific standards which applied to separate classes (two fresh-waters and three coastal waters) of all surface fresh and near and offshore coastal waters in the state. In order to meet the receiving water requirements at the point of discharge the present or potential discharger can apply for a variance or "zone of mixing" permit within specific boundaries. The enactment of PL 92-500 together with other reasons prompted the state to develop effluent limitation standards (effective August, 1973) that apply to fresh and nearshore coastal waters and subsurface discharges which for practical reasons are limited to discharges of less than 1 mgd that have received tertiary treatment.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Presented at the ASCE Environmental Engineering Division Specialty Conference, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 18-20 July 1973.
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society of Civil Engineers

    345 East 47th Street
    New York, NY  United States  10017-2398
  • Authors:
    • Dugan, G L
    • Young, RHF
    • Lau, L S
  • Publication Date: 1974-9

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 1245-56
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00262143
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Proc Paper 10824
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 12 1974 12:00AM