ULTRASONIC SHEAR WAVE VELOCITIES IN SAND AND CLAY

Herein is described a study in which the ultrasonic shear wave velocity was measured in sand and clay. The use of the shear wave, rather than the longitudinal wave, offers the possibility of studying stress wave propagation through the skeleton of a soil independently of the pore fluid. The apparatus developed used ferreoelectric ceramics to produce and receive a pulsed, torsional shear wave in cylindrical soil samples subjected to various states of hydrostatic stress. Three soil materials were tested: a coarse, rounded sand, and two types of saturated clay. From the tests on sand it was found that the void ratio and level of effective hydrostatic stress determined the velocity of the shear wave; whereas, the level of shear stress and degree of saturation were found to have only a minor influence. From the tests involving clay samples, it was found that the effective hydrostatic stress and the void ratio most heavily influenced the shear wave velocity, and the three quantities could be interrelated such that specifying any two would determine the third. Measurements taken during secondary consolidation indicate that the shear wave velocity is sensitive to small structural changes occurring during that period.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Report No. 23 of "The Response of Soils to Dynamic Loadings".
  • Corporate Authors:

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Department of Civil Engineering, 77 Massachusetts Avenue
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02139
  • Authors:
    • Lawrence Jr, F V
  • Publication Date: 1965-1

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 1-24

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00264683
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: R 65-05 Res. Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: DA-22-079-eng-224
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 11 1975 12:00AM