NEAR-TIP PLASTIC DEFORMATIONS IN DYNAMIC FRACTURE PROBLEMS
Under rapid loading conditions and/or for a rapidly propagating crack, the mass density of a material affects the fields of stress and deformation. For such dynamic fracture problems plastic deformantion in the immediate vicinity of a crack tip is investigated in this paper. Both stationary and propagating crack tips are considered. For a stationary crack tip, deformation theory is employed for the first phase of the loading when the fields are increasing monotonically with time. The general character of the near-tip fields is analyzed both with respect to its variation with time and with polar angle. The non-linear near-tip fields are related to the linearly elastic far-field by means of a path-independent integral. In the second part of the paper we consider rapidly propagating cracks. We discuss the near-tip fields for various models of material behavior. In particular we briefly review some earlier work by Achenbach and Kanninen for a rapidly propagating Mode-III crack, in a material which displays strain hardening. In the last part of the paper we consider the fields near a rapidly propagating crack-tip in an elastic-perfectly plastic material for the case that inertial terms are of importance. The system of governing equations in the plastic region is presented and shown to be hyperbolic in nature. As a first approximation the steady-state case with respect to the moving crack-tip is considered and an asymptotic analysis of the near-tip field is carried out.
Northwestern University, EvanstonTechnological Institute, 1801 Maple Street
Evanston, IL USA 60201
Office of Naval ResearchStructural Mechanics Program, 800 North Quincy Street
Arlington, VA USA 22217
- Achenbach, J D
- Burgers, P
- Dunayevsky, V
- Publication Date: 1979-7
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 20 p.
- TRT Terms: Cracking; Dynamic modulus of elasticity; Elastoplasticity; Fracture mechanics; Plastic deformation; Strain hardening; Stresses
- Uncontrolled Terms: Crack propagation; Elastodynamic analysis; Stress intensity factors
- Subject Areas: Marine Transportation; Materials;
- Accession Number: 00300162
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: NU-SML-TR. No. 79-2 Intrm Rpt.
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Sep 29 1979 12:00AM