Intermodal transfer at a railway station for the trip to work originated when the vehicle was not a car but a horse. However, it is only in the last few years that park-and-ride accommodations have figured in modal split models. Six such models are reviewed from the standpoint of how they provide for park-and-ride as elements of the two most important factors in determining modal choice, viz., relative travel costs and relative travel time. In sum, it is suggested that the choice of park-and-ride over the car is a function of six variables: a time advantage over car use, a minimum of excess travel time, a cost advantage over car use, an acceptable level of comfort, a level of accessibility to the central area at least as good as that of the car, and adequate parking provision at associated interchange stations. In addition, a comparative analysis is reported of park-and-ride schemes in Chicago, Cleveland, Boston, Toronto, Copenhagen, London, and Glasgow. The stations studied exemplify three cases: park-and-ride has developed incidentally to an existing station and constitutes a small fraction of the ridership, it has developed incidentally and forms a large percentage of patrons, and it has been planned for in station development.

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 561-573
  • Serial:
    • Traffic Quarterly
    • Volume: 26
    • Issue Number: 4
    • Publisher: Eno Transportation Foundation
    • ISSN: 0041-0713

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00050893
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 15 2001 12:00AM