A total of 1975 problem drinkers, 625 non-problem drinkers and 32 individuals of unidentified drinker type have been referred to various re-education/rehabilitation programs during the first two operational years of SD:ASAP. Alcohol safety schools are the most frequently used referral resources, with 57.32% of these individuals identified as problem drinkers referred to Problem Drinker Drive Classes as their only referral modality. For non-problem drinkers, one-session Driver Improvement Schools received 60.96% of all referrals and PDDC classes an additional 32.0%. Despite the lack of random-assignment control groups, results of the present study suggest that indications of treatment program effectiveness in the reduction of recidivism were observable during the two-year period of the present study. For problem drinkers, individuals referred to AA, PDDC, and outpatient treatment showed lower re-arrest indices than individuals exempted from treatment or individuals dropping out or failing to appear for treatment programs. For non-problem drinkers, DIS participants were observed to show a smaller mean re-arrest index than those referred to PDDC or those non-problem drinkers entering the no-treatment group. Comparisons of recidivists and non-recidivists effected through separate multiple discriminant analyses conducted for problem and non-problem drinkers showed recidivists to be discriminable from non-recidivists in both cases. It is suggested that tendency toward recidivism may be a phenomenon predictable from information gained by conduct of presentence investigations. /HSRI/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This report was sponsored by Alcohol Safety Action Project, Pierre, So. Dak., and NHTSA's Office of Alcohol Countermeasures.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of South Dakota, Vermillion

    Human Factors Laboratory
    Vermillion, SD  United States  57069
  • Authors:
    • Ellingstad, V S
  • Publication Date: 1974-5

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 72 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00264970
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
  • Report/Paper Numbers: SD:ASAP No. 6, HS-802 757
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-HS-0451-1-061
  • Files: HSL, TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 27 1983 12:00AM