Effect of Vehicle Design on Head Injury Severity and Throw Distance Variations in Bicycle Crashes

The variation of the throwing distance and Head Injury Criterion with car velocity, point of impact and angle of approach has been studied for bicycle impact with three different categories of vehicles-small cars, sports utility vehicles and buses. Crashes between a bicycle and the vehicles were simulated using multi body models developed in MADYMO™ with parametric variations in speed, angle of approach and point of impact. The variation in the angle of approach or point of contact causes significant changes. From the simulations, the large spread in the data reported by reconstruction is predicted to originate from variation in the impact configuration. The changes in the trends can be associated with key changes in the nature of the impact visible in the simulations (head impacting car, no impact of rider with car etc.). The kinematics of impact has significant differences in case of the bus and this leads to differences in the nature of correlations. The HIC values were found to be higher in the case of bus as compared to the SUV and the small car. The paper reinforces the hypothesis that for bicycle accident reconstruction should take into account variations in the impact configuration in addition to the throw distance recorded. The paper also gives data which when populated further could form a basis of such reconstructions.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 9p
  • Monograph Title: 20th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01574543
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 07-0467
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: Aug 20 2015 5:06PM