THE ENERGY CRISIS AND THE ROAD HAULAGE INDUSTRY'S RATES OF FUEL CONSUMPTION. COMPARISON BETWEEN RAIL AND ROAD

The publication which is intended to reveal the complexity of the problem and lay the foundations for an objective and scientific approach to its study, identifies two aspects of the energy crisis namely, the shortage related to the embargo placed on oil supplies by the exporting countries, and the substantial increase in the price of crude oil and its consequential effects in causing a currency shortage and upsetting the balance of foreign trade. The share of transports in the consumption of oil products is reviewed and the sectorial consumption of oil products is tabulated. The questions are asked if transport by road is a waste of energy and if the transfers of traffic from road to rail is always possible. The possible traffic transfers and consequential savings on fuel are considered as well as the effects on trade balances of the traffic transfers and industrial productivity losses. The numerous studies on the comparative rates of energy consumption by road and rail are briefly reviewed. It is noted that there is a divergence of results and an innacurate definition of the problem in these studies. Details of the Battelle Institute Study are outlined. The validity of the criterion, energy consumption per ton/kilometre carried, is examined, and factors that must be considered in the development of a methodology for comparative studies are listed and discussed.

  • Corporate Authors:

    International Road Transport Union

    3, rue de Varembe
    1211 Geneva 20,   Switzerland 
  • Publication Date: 1974-9

Media Info

  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: 32 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00264478
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 19 1974 12:00AM