AIR QUALITY AND AUTOMOBILE EMISSION CONTROL. VOLUME 2: HEALTH EFFECTS OF AIR POLUTANTS

Reports are presented by the panels on carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, photochemical oxidants and ozone, airborne particles and sulfur oxides, the task force on synergism and antagonism of pollutants in producing health effects, and the task force on the effects of air pollution on ecologic systems. The section on the physiology and chemistry of carbon monoxide effects, reviews the effects of carbon monoxide on oxygen transport by the blood and the adaptation of the oxygen transport system during prolonged exposure to carbon monoxide. A study of carbon monoxide uptake covers the aspects of urban air, and the additive effects of cigarette smoking and exposure to ambient carbon monoxide on blood carboxyhemoglobin. A review of the relation between carbon monoxide and coronary disease gives consideration to pathophysiology (cardiovascular responses to carbon monoxide exposure), clinical and experimental studies that describe a relation between exposure to carbon monoxide and symptoms of angina, studies describing the relation between ambient carbon monoxide and case-fatality percentage after myocardial infarction, possible association between postmortem carboxyhemoglobin content and ambient carbon monoxide before death, the relation between cigarette smoking and clinical coronary arterial desease, and the effect of carbon monoxide exposure on patients with peripheral vascular disease. The behavioral effects of carbon monoxide (vigilance, driving, reaction time, time discrimination and estimation, coordination and tracking, sensory processes and complex intellectual behavior) are considered, as well as the effects of carbon monoxide during exercise, and the effects on the developing embryo, fetus and the newborn. The population especially susceptible to carbon monoxide exposure, and the chemical interactions of carbon monoxide in the atmosphere were also studied. The review of the effects of nitrogen oxides covers such aspects as the toxicologic effects, experimental studies on animals, and human studies. The panel on airborne particles and sulfur oxides, reviewed the health effects of sulfur oxides, described animal experiments and discussed dose-response relations.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Prepared for Senate Committee on Public Works pursuant to Senate Resolution 135
  • Corporate Authors:

    National Academy of Sciences

    Coordinating Committee on Air Quality Studies
    Washington, DC  United States  20418
  • Publication Date: 1974-9

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 519 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00263762
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Serial No. 93-24
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 31 1974 12:00AM