New Environmental Demands and the Future of the Helsinki-Tallinn Freight Route

The attractiveness of short sea shipping, because of its environmental friendliness, is about to change because of increasing environmental regulations. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) sulfur regulation in the Baltic Sea and planned CO₂ emissions trading and increased world market oil prices are the cause for this shift. This article analyzed this potential change using data envelopment analysis on the existing transportation chain alternatives in the Helsinki (Finland)-Tallinn (Estonia) short sea route. The analysis also included the planned railway tunnel between the two cities. The article showed how the current truck and semi-trailer-based transportation is challenged by containers. The possibility of tunnel construction would make it vital to have container ship operations available along this route for reasons of emissions and oil independency.


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  • Accession Number: 01568663
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 12 2015 1:15PM