RATIONALE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF "PERFORMANCE COST" NOISE CRITERIA

A review of the literature shows that the more obstrusive the nose and the more demanding the task, the greater is the likelihood of adverse effects of noise on task performance. A study was conducted which varied three levels of task speed or work pace (30, 40, and 50 signals/min) on a paced, serial repetitive task requiring complete and sustained attention under two conditions of aperiodic broadband noise, quiet (50 dB(A) and noise (100 dB(A)). One-hour work periods were broken down for analysis into four 15-minute time blocks. The experimental hypotheses were confirmed. Namely, (1) noise adversely affected performance on a paced, serial repetitive task; (2) the faster the work pace, the poorer was performance; (3) noise more adversely affected performance at fast work paces than at slower work paces; and (4) performance in noise at fast work paces deteriorated disproportionately with time at work. The practical, as well as the theoretical, implications of the research are discussed. A rationale for the development of "performance cost" noise criteria is offered.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Meeting of the Human Factors Society - "Technology for Man '72", Santa Monica, October 1972.
  • Corporate Authors:

    North Carolina State University, Raleigh

    Human Factors Engineering
    Raleigh, NC  USA 
  • Authors:
    • COHEN, H H
  • Publication Date: 1972-10

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 3 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00262752
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 13 1974 12:00AM