Increasing concern over the congestion, pollution, and fuel consumption accompanying the use of the private automobile in urban areas, together with greater emphasis on the needs of those without access to an auto, has led to major efforts to upgrade the scheduled bus and rapid rail transit service in U. S. cities. Other forms of transportation which are available to the public and use the streets and highways of urban areas, referred to as "para-transit," are now under consideration as transportation alternatives. This study was designed to review the experience to date with para-transit services, to access their potential for servicing urban transportation demand, and to design a research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) program as needed to identify and demonstrate innovations in the provisions of para-transit services which would be beneficial. The services studied were grouped into 3 categories: (1) "hire and drive" - comprising daily car rentals and the various forms of short-term car rentals that have been proposed including the Minicar and Public Automobile Systems; (2) "hail or 'phone" - taxi, dial-a-ride, jitney and related services; and (3) pre-arranged ride-sharing - including various forms of car pool, van pool, and subscription bus services. Four major applications of para-transit services are identified, recommendations put forth and references furnished. This report is the executive summary and overview of the study, "Para-Transit: Neglected Options for Urban Mobility."

Media Info

  • Pagination: 48 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00261731
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: CA-06-0045
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-CA-06-0045-71-1
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-UT-20018
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 12 1981 12:00AM