A survey by OECD's urban sector group disclosed over 100 cities in OECD countries in which vehicles have been banned from portions of central business districts. In most cases, however, only one of a few shopping streets have been closed, often because of fear that congestion and pollution may simply be shifted to adjacent areas or that the inner city will suffer economically, thereby accelerating the flight of business and commerce to the suburbs. In this regard, German experience is particularly relevant. Two German cities were experimenting with traffic-free zones as early as the late 1920's, and many others closed off portions of the business district beginning in the 1950's and 1960's. At present 30 German cities with populations ranging from 48,000 to 1.3 million have adopted permanent traffic-free zones varying in length from 60 to 900 meters. The present report surveys these cities from the standpoints of objectives; planning, financing, and implementation; access, internal circulation, and parking; effects on air pollution, noise, shopping, recreation, changes in character, and changes in land use; and plan for extension of traffic-free zones. An appendix presents the OECD recommendations on traffic-free zones, together with maps of existing zones in German cities.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

    2, rue André Pascal
    Paris,   France  75775 Paris Cedex 16
  • Authors:
    • Kuhnemann, J
    • Witherspoon, R
  • Publication Date: 1972-9

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; Tables;
  • Pagination: 44 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00261377
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: U ENV 72.17
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 22 1974 12:00AM