TRANSPORTATION NOISE POLLUTION: CONTROL AND ABATEMENT, CHAPTER III, NOISE EFFECTS

Noise can cause hearing loss and other undesirable physiological responses in the human body. Noise is responded to by the body as a stress which activates the bodys defense mechanisms and acts upon various bodily processes. One of the chief complaints concerning noise, especially noise associated with transportation, is its disturbance of sleep and relaxation. Noise can also interfere with work performance and speech but results of studies are mixed and further research is needed. Noise affects recreational areas and wildlife, schools and classroom activities. In addition, sonic booms, particularly superbooms, can damage natural and manmade structures. A major cause of complaint with respect to transportation noise over the last 15 years has been the problem of aircraft noise around airports. Community reaction to aircraft noise has been influenced by a number of factors, including fear of aircraft crashing in the community and knowledge of where to complain and to whom. Comparison tests of sonic boom annoyance and aircraft noise annoyance, coupled with community surveys, have revealed that substantial segments of the public find sonic booms to be objectionable. While aircraft are the most conspicuous noise offenders, however the roar of surface traffic is the most pervasive of all transportation noise. Traffic noise is especially critical in urban areas. Train noise, on the other hand, while potentially a problem for proposed new highspeed rail systems, has not provoked strong public reaction perhaps because of long-established railroad right-of-ways. Finally, regardless of the sources, noise can have an economic impact on the community by depressing property values, by increasing the cost of certain public services such as the construction ( and insulation ) of schools and classrooms, and so on.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Results of the 1970 American Society of Engineering Education-NASA Summer Faculty Program in Engineering Systems Design
  • Corporate Authors:

    Langley Research Center

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Hampton, VA  USA  23665

    Old Dominion University

    Research Foundation, P.O. Box 6369
    Norfolk, VA  USA  23508

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    600 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  USA  20546
  • Publication Date: 1970

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00261014
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 22 1974 12:00AM