THE AUTO AND THE ENERGY CRISIS

RESTRICTIONS ON MOTOR CARS FOR THE PURPOSE OF CONSERVING FUEL AND ENERGY ARE DISCUSSED. A COMPARISON OF JAPAN'S ENERGY CONSUMPTION PATTERN WITH THAT OF THE UNITED STATES, ENGLAND, FRANCE AND WEST GERMANY, INDICATES THAT JAPAN'S MOST EFFECTIVE COUNTERMEASURES WILL BE IN THE AREA OF SHIFTS IN THE INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE SO THAT LESS OIL WILL BE CONSUMED. OIL CONSUMPTION BY TRANSPORTATION IS ONLY 18 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL. FUEL SAVINGS IN TRANSPORTATION CAN RESULT FROM IMPROVING THE MODAL BALANCE BY SHIFTING THE TRANSPORT OF INTERCITY FREIGHT FROM TRUCKS TO RAIL, INTERCITY PASSENGERS FROM AIR TO RAIL AND BUS, AND URBAN PASSENGERS FROM AUTOMOBILES TO MOTORIZED MASS TRANSIT. THE NEED FOR IMPROVED EFFICIENCY IN AIR AND MOTORIZED TRANSPORTATION IS STRESSED. THE REPORT OF THE OFFICE OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS IS DISCUSSED. SHORT-TERM, MID-TERM, AND LONG-TERM MEASURES CONCERNING THE AUTOMOBILES ARE SUGGESTED. SHORT-TERM MEASURES INCLUDE PROMOTING DEVELOPMENT OF SMALLER ENGINES/VEHICLES AND PROMOTING AUTOMOBILE ENERGY-EFFICIENCY THROUGH LOW LOSS TIRES AND ENGINE TUNING. MID-TERM (1976-80) MEASURES INCLUDE SUPPORTING PILOT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MOST PROMISING ALTERNATIVES TO INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES, SETTING A TAX ON SIZE AND HORSEPOWER OF AUTOS, AND BANNING AUTOS WITHIN THE INNER CITY. LONG TERM (BEYOND 1980) MEASURES INCLUDE PROVIDING R&D SUPPORT FOR HYBRID ENGINES, NON-PETROLEUM ENGINES, ADVANCED TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS, HIGH SPEED TRANSIT, DUAL-MODE PRT SYSTEMS, AND PEOPLE MOVERS. IT IS ESTIMATED THAT 1976 MODELS FITTED WITH EMISSION CONTROL DEVICES TO MEET CONTROL STANDARDS WILL INCREASE GASOLINE CONSUMPTION BY 15-30 PERCENT. RETARDATION OF TIMING TO REDUCE POLLUTANTS LIKE HYDROCARBONS AND NITROGEN OXIDES WILL INCREASE THE GASOLINE CONSUMED BY THE ENGINE. THE SERIOUSNESS OF THE PROBLEM ON A WORLD-WIDE SCALE IS CONSIDERED. TECHNOLOGICALLY, THE MOST IMPORTANT TASK IS TO DEVELOP WAYS TO USE CATAYSTS EFFECTIVELY, TO REDUCE HARMFUL EMISSIONS, AND MAKE IT POSSIBLE TO MOVE IN THE DIRECTION OF MINIMAL LOSSES IN HORSEPOWER AND MINIMAL INCREASES IN FUEL CONSUMPTION. MOVES TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT OF URBAN TRANSPORTATION SO THAT THERE WILL BE LESS DEPENDENCE ON THE AUTOMOBILE ARE ALSO FORESEEN.

  • Corporate Authors:

    The Wheel Extended, Toyota Q Rev /Jap

    ,    
  • Authors:
    • Suetsugu, K
  • Publication Date: 1973-6

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00240314
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 31 1974 12:00AM