DESIGN CONCEPTS IN URBAN TRANSPORTATION SOLUTIONS

ONE OF THE NEWER APPROACHES TO SOLUTION OF URBAN TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS IS THAT OF HIGHWAY PLANNING, NOT IN ISOLATION, BUT IN FULL RELATION TO THE NEEDS OF THE SURROUNDING AREAS. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THIS APPROACH IS REVIEWED, THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF APPLICATION ARE DESCRIBED, AND POSSIBLE RESULTS CONSIDERED. PAST MISTAKES IN FREEWAY BUILDING HAVE INCLUDED DISREGARD FOR OTHER URBAN FACILITIES AND FUNCTIONS, LACK OF INTEGRATION WITH RAPID TRANSIT, AND LACK OF FLEXIBILITY IN DESIGN. EXAMPLES OF INTEGRATION OF TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES AND URBAN DESIGN INCLUDE: INTEGRATION OF COMMERCIAL SHOPS AND ELEVATED EXPRESSWAYS IN THE GINZA SECTION OF TOKYO; SIDEWALK ARCADING IN ATHENS; PONTE VECCHIO IN FLORENCE; CENTRAL-CITY RING ROAD COMPLEX OF BRUSSELS; HIGH-RISE APARTMENTS OR OFFICE BUILDINGS BUILT ASTRIDE EXPRESSWAYS OR TRANSPORT TERMINALS; PARKING GARAGES BENEATH PARKS; AND RESTAURANTS BUILT OVER TURNPIKES. A LARGE HIGHWAY AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT PLANNING PROJECT IS UNDERWAY FOR THE CITY OF BALTIMORE; IT INVOLVES FOUR PHASES: (1) DESIGN CRITERIA AND DETAILS FOR THE FREEWAY AND RELATED LAND USES; (2) DEVELOPMENT OF URBAN DESIGN SCHEMATICS; (3) STUDY OF FULLY DEVELOPED ALTERNATIVE DESIGNS AND PRELIMINARY ENGINEERING DESIGN PLANS; AND (4) FINAL ENGINEERING DESIGN IN COOPERATION WITH ARCHITECTURAL, ENGINEERING AND GOVERNMENTAL CONSULTANTS. TANGIBLE BENEFITS ARE EXPECTED FROM THE PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN EFFICIENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM WITHIN THE SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND ESTHETIC NEEDS OF THE CITY; HOWEVER, MANY IMPORTANT ISSUES REMAIN TO BE RESOLVED, SUCH AS: (1) LEGAL TITLE FOR AIRSPACE ABOVE A ROADWAY OR SPACE BELOW; (2) ENABLING LEGISLATION, AS WELL AS PURCHASE, LEASE OR EASEMENT RIGHTS; (3) FUNDING AND FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY, COST-BENEFIT RELATIONS; (4) LOCATION AND/OR RELOCATION OF URBAN RESIDENTS; (5) OPERATIONAL ASPECTS OF ROADWAYS; AND SEVERAL OTHER PROBLEMS. AS WITH ANY NEW CONCEPT, TIME IS NECCESSARY TO DEMONSTRATE ITS VALUE AND TO GAIN FULL PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING AND ACCEPTANCE.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Paper from Future Directions for Research in Urban Transportation, 158p.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

    2, rue André Pascal
    Paris,   France  75775 Paris Cedex 16
  • Authors:
    • Smith, W S
  • Publication Date: 1969

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239257
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: pp 27-38
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 27 1970 12:00AM