URBAN TRANSPORTATION-THE SCOPE FOR NEW TECHNOLOGY

THE NATURE OF URBAN AREAS IS DEFINED AS A COLLECTION OF BUILDINGS IN A MATRIX OF MOVEMENT, A DEFINITION THAT COVERS EVEN THOSE CITIES THAT HAVE GROWN TO SUCH AN EXTENT THAT A WHOLE REGION CAN BE REGARDED AS ONE CONTINUOUS URBAN AREA. THE NATURE OF URBAN MOVEMENT COULD BE STATED SIMPLY AS THE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF GOODS AND COMMODITIES, BUT WHEN THE SCALE IS ENLARGED, THE MOVEMENTS BECOME VERY NUMEROUS AND VERY COMPLICATED. TWO GROUPS OF DIFFICULTIES ARE DESCRIBED: (1) THOSE WHICH AFFLICT THE ACT OF MOVEMENT-OVERCROWDING IN BUSES AND TRAINS IN PEAK HOURS, LACK OF BUSES AND TRAINS IN OFF-PEAK HOURS, DELAYS OF CONGESTION, AND DIFFICULTIES IN PARKING AND DELIVERING AND COLLECTING GOODS AND; (2) THOSE WHICH AFFLICT THE ENVIRONMENT-NOISE, FUMES, ACCIDENTS, VIBRATIONS, AND INTRUSION OF VEHICLES INTO THE VISUAL SCENE. TOWNS HAVE BEEN OVERWHELMED BY THEIR OWN GROWTH, NOT ONLY OF POPULATION, BUT OF THIS VAST NUMBER OF SPACE-CONSUMING AUTOMOBILES. PROBLEMS ARISE IN THE PROVISION OF A NETWORK OF ROADS FOR THE MAIN PART OF THE AUTOMOBILE TRIPS, BUT THEY ALSO ARISE AT THE DESTINATION POINT-AT BUILDINGS WHICH ARE NOT DESIGNED TO FACILITATE ACCESS. REALIZING THE ENORMOUS COMPLEXITY OF URBAN MOVEMENTS, THE VARIETY OF METHODS OF TRANSPORT AVAILABLE AND THE INTERPLAY OF COSTS AND BENEFITS, EVALUATION IS VIRTUALLY IMPOSSIBLE AND A PRAGMATIC APPROACH IS TAKEN. CONSIDERING ALL POSSIBLE MEANS OF TRANSPORT, NONE CAN SUCCESSFULLY COMPETE WITH THE VERSATILITY AND COMFORT OF THE AUTOMOBILE. THE MAIN DIRECTIONS IN WHICH TECHNOLOGY SHOULD AID URBAN TRANSPORTATION ARE: (1) IMPROVEMENT OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE (ELIMINATION OF NOISE AND FUMES AND PERHAPS USE OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION); (2) ELECTRONIC GUIDANCE AND CONTROL FOR MOTOR VEHICLES; (3) IMPROVEMENT OF BULK TRANSPORT SYSTEMS; (4) DEVELOPMENTS IN DESIGN OF SHORT- DISTANCE MOVEMENT FACILITIES (TRAVELATORS, CONVEYOR BELTS, TUBE SYSTEMS, PARCEL DELIVERY SYSTEM); (5) REGIONAL PLANNING WHEN URBAN RENEWAL IS NECESSARY. IT IS ALSO NOTED THAT TELECOMMUNICATIONS DEVELOPMENT MAY ELIMINATE MOST OF THE NECESSARY PHYSICAL MOVEMENT IN URBAN AREAS.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Paper from Future Directions for Research in Urban Transportation, 158p.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

    2, rue André Pascal
    Paris,   France  75775 Paris Cedex 16
  • Authors:
    • Buchanan, C
  • Publication Date: 1969

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239253
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: pp 27-38
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 27 1970 12:00AM