URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION AND TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS

A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS IN URBAN TRANSPORTATION IS PRESENTED, BEGINNING WITH HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOWNS THEMSELVES, THEIR FOUNDATION DEPENDING ON WATER TRANSPORT, THEIR GROWTH STIMULATION BY RAILROADS, AND THE IMPACT OF THE AUTOMOBILE ON THE ENTIRE TOWN STRUCTURE. RECOGNIZING THAT IN THE YEAR 2000, APPROXIMATELY 50% OF THE POPULATION OF WESTERN COUNTRIES WILL BE LIVING IN URBAN AREAS, A TRANSPORT PLAN IS ESSENTIAL TO URBAN PLANNING. THE FOLLOWING TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES ARE DISCUSSED IN DETAIL: (1) AUTOMATIC CONTROL OF PUBLIC PASSENGER VEHICLES, SPECIFICALLY BUS SCHEDULING CONTROL SYSTEMS CURRENTLY USED IN LONDON, PARIS, AND HAMBURG AND THE EXPERIMENTAL PASSENGER COUNTING SYSTEM IN HAMBURG; (2) SUSPENDED RAILWAYS, INCLUDING THE WUPPERTAIL MONORAIL, THE HOUSTON SKYWAY, THE SAFEGE TRANSPORT, THE KEARNEY RAILWAY, THE U. S. MONORAIL CORPORATION RAILWAY, THE ALWEG MONORAIL, THE WESTINGHOUSE SKYWAY AND THE NEW YORK AERIAL TRANSIT SYSTEM; (3) NEW TRENDS IN VEHICLES, SUCH AS IMPROVEMENTS IN BUS CONSTRUCTION AND LOAD-CARRYING CAPACITY, USE OF RUBBER- TIRED SUBWAY TRAINS IN PARIS, AUTOMATIC VEHICLE GUIDANCE (KUCH SYSTEM) AND THE GYROBUS, A RUBBER-TIRED ROAD VEHICLE HAVING A KINETIC ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE; AND (4) MOVING PAVEMENTS AND MOVING BELTS. ALSO DISCUSSED ARE TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT CONCERNS NOTABLY THE USE OF AUTOMATIC DATA PROCESSING AND OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES, AND PROGRESS IN AUTOMATIC FARE COLLECTION PERMITTING CONDUCTORLESS VEHICLES. GENERAL CONCLUSIONS ARE LISTED IN THE FORM OF THE FOLLOWING PROPOSALS: (1)INTEGRATION OF TRANSPORT ORGANIZATION INTO TOWN PLANNING AT THE LEVELS OF CONCEPTION, IMPLEMENTATION, AND OPERATION; (2) COORDINDATION OF MEANS OF TRANSPORT TO AVOID DUPLICATION; (3) PROVISION OF CAPITAL INVESTMENTS BY PUBLIC AUTHORITIES; (4) BALANCED TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS SUCH THAT PUBLIC, PRIVATE AND INDUSTRIAL CONVEYANCE OF PEOPLE AND GOODS ARE CONSIDERED; (5) PRIORITY OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT OVER PRIVATE, AND PHYSICAL SEPARATION OF THE TWO; AND (6) INTENSIVE EXCHANGE OF EXPERIENCE INFORMATION TO PROVIDE GUIDANCE AND IMPETUS TO TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITIES.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Paper from Future Directions for Research in Urban Transportation, 158p.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

    2, rue André Pascal
    Paris,   France  75775 Paris Cedex 16
  • Authors:
    • Jacobs, A J
  • Publication Date: 1969

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239250
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: pp 27-38
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 27 1970 12:00AM