Gender employment inequality in the transport and logistics industry: The specifics in the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia

In 2011, the average women's share of the workforce for the transport and logistics industry (TLI) was approximately 22% in the European Union. In the Republic of Serbia, the share was similar (22%), while in the Republic of Macedonia this share was only 13%. These data inspired the authors to explore the reasons for gender employment inequality (GEI) in the TLI and the possibilities to decrease it, while respecting their specific and complex environments. The Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia have many similarities, so it could be expected that the GEI rates in transport and logistics sectors are similar. Both quantitative and qualitative research methods are used in the presented research. The authors compared the countries' main characteristics, by using a statistical database on gender employment in the TLI in both countries, "Gender Organization System" (GOS) perspective and gave an example to explore the gap between the women’s share in the TLI labor force in the two countries, and possible reasons for it. The authors went beyond the GOS perspective and explored both horizontal and vertical impacts on sex segregation in the TLI, as well as the impact of a macroeconomic context. The paper underpins the necessity for understanding gender-related industry specifics within an overall economy environment, and a need for a suitable database development. They are necessary preconditions for the continuous monitoring of gender mainstreaming and a starting point to set up the priority measures to improve gender equality and equity in the TLI in the future.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 525-536
  • Monograph Title: Women's Issues in Transportation 5th International Conference. Proceedings: Bridging the Gap

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01554022
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 24 2015 5:01PM