CHARACTERISTICS OF URBAN ACTIVITY PATTERNS

DESPITE THE TREMENDOUS GAINS MADE IN THE PAST 20 YEARS IN UNDERSTANDING AND SIMULATING THE URBAN AREA, IT IS APPARENT THAT TECHNIQUES ARE TIED STRONGLY TO OBSERVATIONS OF PRESENT PATTERNS AND DRAW VERY LITTLE FROM A THEORETICAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE CITY, ITS PROCESSES, OR THE FORCES THAT LIE BEHIND THE OBSERVABLE PHENOMENA. THE WORK DESCRIBED HERE FOCUSES ON ACTIVITIES AS THE MEANS FOR CHARACTERIZING URBAN PHENOMENA. THESE ACTIVITIES ARE SIMPLY THE THINGS PEOPLE DO-WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, AND HOW LONG. THEIR COLLECTION OR SUM IS THE PATTERN WE OBSERVE IN THE URBAN AREA. WORK TO DATE HAS CONCENTRATED ON DEFINING SATISFACTORY MEASURES OF ACTIVITY PATTERNS. ALTHOUGH SEVERAL MEASURES HAVE BEEN USED THAT STRONGLY RESEMBLE THOSE USED IN VARIOUS ANALYSES OF TRAVEL, IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT MEASURES MORE COMPLETELY DESCRIBING THE COMPLEXITY OF DAILY ACTIVITIES CAN BE DEFINED. ONE SUCH MEASURE IS SUGGESTED. IMPLICIT IN THIS WORK IS A MODEL OF THE ACTIVITY PATTERNS OF URBAN RESIDENTS. THE ANALYSIS SUGGESTS THAT THERE ARE BOTH STRONG SIMILARITIES AND STRONG DIFFERENCES IN THE ACTIVITY PATTERNS OF VARIOUS GROUPS OF URBAN RESIDENTS. THE ANALYSIS SUGGESTS THAT THERE ARE BOTH STRONG SIMILARITIES AND STRONG DIFFERENCES IN THE ACTIVITY PATTERNS OF VARIOUS GROUPS OF URBAN RESIDENTS. THESE PATTERNS ARE DIFFERENTIATED BY FAMILIAR SOCIOECONOMIC VARIABLES AND BY MEASURES OF THE RESIDENTS' ACCESSIBILITY TO SPECIALIZED LOCATIONS FOR URBAN ACTIVITIES. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT THE MODEL MAY BE RESPONSIVE TO CHANGES IN THESE PATTERNS. THE PAPER IS ORGANIZED INTO THREE SECTIONS. THE FIRST BRIEFLY DISCUSSES A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE ANALYSIS AND FOR THE MODEL IN GENERAL. THE SECOND DESCRIBES MORE SPECIFICALLY SOME OF THE RELATIONSHIPS ANTICIPATED BETWEEN ACTIVITY PATTERNS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF VARIOUS URBAN SUBGROUPS. THE THIRD SECTION DISCUSSES THE RESULTS OF ANALYSIS TO DATE, CONCENTRATING ON SOCIOECONOMIC GROUPS AND USING CRUDE MEASURES OF MOBILITY AND SPATIAL EFFECTS. /AUTHOR/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 232-244
  • Monograph Title: Travel analysis
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00241445
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Feb 8 1971 12:00AM