THE URBAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PROCESS: IN SEARCH OF IMPROVED STRATEGY

A REVIEW PRESENTED OF THE MEETING OF THE OECD CONSULTIVE GROUP ON TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH TO EXAMINE AND ASSESS THE STATE OF THE ART OF THE URBAN TRANSPORTATION PROCESS. THE INTENT OF THE MEETING WAS TO LAY FOUNDATIONS FOR AN EFFORT TO PROVIDE OECD MEMBER GOVERNMENTS WITH AN IMPROVED CAPACITY FOR MAKING SOUND AND SENSITIVE TRANSPORTATION DECISIONS. TWO PREMISES SERVED AS THE BASIS OF THE MEETING: A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH TO URBAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING IS EMERGING, GIVING INCREASED EMPHASIS TO HUMAN VALUES AND TO THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC GOALS OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT; THERE IS A NEED FOR A METHODOLOGY THAT IS MORE SENSITIVE TO THE IMPORTANT ISSUES FACING URBAN SOCIETY AND MORE EFFECTIVE IN HELPING TO REACH SOCIALLY RESPONSIVE DECISIONS. TRADITIONALLY, PUBLIC INVESTMENT DECISIONS ABOUT TRANSPORTATION HAVE DIFFERED LITTLE IN APPROACH FROM THOSE OF ANY PRIVATE ENTERPRISE. HOWEVER, FOR THE ANALYST AND PLANNER THE CHALLENGE HAS BECOME THAT OF DEVELOPING A CAPACITY FOR ASSESSING THE EFFECTIVENESS AND PRODUCTIVITY OF PROPOSED TRANSPORTATION INVESTMENT IN TERMS OF ITS CONTRIBUTION TO BROAD SOCIETAL GOALS. THIS CALLS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW, MORE SENSITIVE MEASURES OF TRANSPORT OUTPUT. THE FOLLOWING SUCH MEASURES HAVE SIGNIFICANCE IN PRESENT-DAY TRANSPORTATION ANALYSIS AND PLAN EVALUATION: (1) ACESSIBILITY TO OPPORTUNITY, (2) ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS, (3) LONG-TERM IMPACTS ON LAND USE, AND (4) QUALITY OF SERVICE. THE PROCESS OF GOAL FORMULATION MUST BE AIDED BY NEW INSTITUTIONS TO BE CREATED THAT CUT ACROSS THE JURISDICTIONAL LINES OF EXISTING AGENCIES IN ORDER TO PROVIDE A FORUM FOR WHICH GOALS FOR TRANSPORTATION DEVELOPMENT CAN BE BROUGHT FORWARD, ARGUED, WEIGHED, AND DECIDED ON WITH THE WIDEST POSSIBLE INTERPLAY OF INTERESTS AND VALUES IN LIGHT OF THE TOTAL NEEDS OF SOCIETY. ONE OF THE IMPORTANT ROLES OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING IS TO HELP CLARIFY IN THE MINDS OF THE POLITICAL DECISION-MAKERS, AS WELL AS THE IMPLICATIONS OF THESE OPTIONS. PRINCIPLES ARE PRESENTED TO BROADEN THE SPECTRUM OF TRANSPORTATION ALTERNATIVES THAT CAN BE ANALYZED AND EVALUATED FOR POTENTIAL IMPLEMENTATION IN URBAN COMMUNITIES. EVALUATION CAN BE MADE OF TRANSPORT SYSTEM ALTERNATIVES BY USE OF VARIOUS TRANSPORTATION MODELS. HOWEVER, THESE MODELS SUFFER FROM SIGNIFICANT LIMITATIONS WHICH ARE INDICATED.

  • Digital Copy:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Paper sponsored by Department of Economics, Finance and Administration and Department of Urban Transportation Planning and presented at the 49th Annual Meeting.
  • Authors:
    • Orski, C Kenneth
  • Publication Date: 1970

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Pagination: pp 13-23
  • Monograph Title: Transportation analysis: past and prospects
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00241379
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: No. 322
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Oct 13 1970 12:00AM