GENERAL DISCUSSION OF THE IMPACT OF THE BAY AREA RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM ON THE SAN FRANCISCO METROPOLITAN REGION

MR. WENDT DESCRIBES THE USE OF AN INTERACTION MODEL TO STUDY THE INTERRELATIONSHIPS AMONG TRANSPORTATION DEVELOPMENT, HOUSING LOCATION DECISIONS, AND LAND VALUE CHANGES. A LARGE-SCALE SIMULATION MODEL WAS DEVELOPED AND IS BEING USED AS A FORECASTING MODEL FOR THE NEW TOWNS DECISION MODEL. THIS IS BEING USED TO FORECAST AND IDENTIFY AN AREA IN WHICH DEVELOPMENT MAY BE EXPECTED OF A NEW TOWN IN THE BAY AREA. THIS IS TRYING TO BE MESHED WITH A RATE OF RETURN WITH A FINANCIAL DECISION MODEL BY THE DEVELOPERS OF NEW TOWNS. THE IMPACT OF BAY AREA RAPID TRANSIT (BART) ON LAND VALUES SHOWS THAT LAND VALUE CHANGES REFLECT ANTICIPATION. MR HARRIS FEELS THAT DATA ARE INADEQUATE FOR A BEFORE STUDY ON THE IMPACTS OF BART. DISCUSSION IS MADE OF HOW BART EXPERIENCE CAN BE OF THE GREATEST UTILITY TO PEOPLE FACED WITH DECISIONS IN POLICY AND PLANNING IN LARGE METROPOLITAN AREAS. MR BELDING EXPRESSES CONCERN WITH MAKING THE SERVICES AS RESPONSIVE TO CHANGING DEMAND PATTERNS AS POSSIBLE WITHIN THE OPERATING CONSTRAINTS. MR ROGGEVEEN SUGGESTS THAT SINCE TRANSIT STATIONS ATTRACT DEVELOPMENT, LAND USE CHANGES, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL IMPACT, A STUDY SHOULD BE MADE OF WHY NOTHING HAPPENS AT MANY RAPID TRANSIT STATIONS. MR. FOSTER FEELS THAT THE CASE FOR REAL TRANSIT SHOULD BE EVALUATED ON THE BASIS OF ANALYSIS OF EXPENDITURE DECISIONS WITH SOME IDEA OF THE RATE OF RETURN, COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS, AND THE IMPACT ON THE NET WEALTH OF THE AREA. AS A RESULT OF THIS CHANGE, MR HORWOOD POINTS OUT THAT THE DANISH RAILWAY SYSTEM COMPARES IN SCALE TO THE BART SYSTEM. IT IS A COMBINATION OF A LINE- HAUL SYSTEM THAT CONNECTS SEPARATE CITIES AND URBAN STATIONS WITH CLOSE SPACING. RIDERSHIP HAS BEEN DECREASING STEADILY SINCE THE POSTWAR YEARS, IN SPITE OF THE FACT THAT DENMARK HAS THE HIGHEST AUTOMOBILE TAXATION OF ANY WESTERN COUNTRY, FREEWAYS ARE NOT BEING BUILT AT A RAPID PACE, AND DANES HAVE DEVELOPED HOUSING NEAR THE RAIL STATIONS. MR BRUCK EMPHASIZES THE BAD STATE OF COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING. IT IS EMPHASIZED THAT LESS THAN ONE PER CENT OF THE TOTAL COST OF THE BART SYSTEM WAS RELATED TO PLANNING. DATA COLLECTION IS NEEDED ON OPERATING COST BASED ON ACTUAL EXPERIENCE AND ON RIDERSHIP. MR BOYCE EMPHASIZES THAT IDENTIFYING IMPACT IS DIFFICULT. CAREFUL LONG-TERM STUDIES ARE NEEDED TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF NEW TRANSIT SYSTEMS. MR GIBSON FEELS THAT THE CONFERENCE DEVELOPED A PROSPECTUS OF RESEARCH AREAS THAT CAN BE OF USE IN THE BAY AREA, AS WELL AS MANY OTHER CITIES.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Pagination: pp 50-53
  • Monograph Title: Impact of the Bay Area Rapid Transit system on the San Francisco metropolitan region
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00241353
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 3 1970 12:00AM