EFFECTS ON NONRELOCATED HOUSEHOLDS OF BUILDING A HIGHWAY IN A DENSE URBAN RESIDENTIAL AREA /ABRIDGMENT/

PRELIMINARY DATA ON THE SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF HOUSEHOLDS DIRECTLY AFFECTED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF ALMOST THE ENTIRE INTERSTATE SYSTEM BUILT WITHIN THE COLUMBUS, OHIO, SMSA SUGGEST THAT NEGROES WERE AFFECTED IN NUMBERS GREATLY DISPROPORTIONATE TO THE BLACK POPULATION OF THE SMSA, THAT THE MEDIAN INCOME OF IMPACTED HOUSEHOLDS WAS WELL BELOW THAT OF THE SMSA, THAT ONLY 25 PERCENT WERE HOME OWNERS AS COMPARED WITH A METROPOLITAN HOME OWNERSHIP FIGURE OF 57 PERCENT, AND THAT 43 PERCENT DID NOT HAVE AN AUTOMOBILE AVAILABLE. THE IMPACT ON HOUSING APPEARS THE MOST SERIOUS AND PERVASIVE. IN ADDITION TO THE OBVIOUS IMPACT OF THE REMOVAL OF HOUSING ON THOSE WHO ARE DISPLACED, THERE IS EVIDENCE THAT HOUSING SUPPLY REDUCTION AFFECTS NONRELOCATED HOUSEHOLDS AS WELL. THE QUESTION OF HOUSING SUBMARKETS, DELINEATED BY INCOME AND RACIAL CHARACTERISTICS, IS THE MOST CRUCIAL VARIABLE RELATED TO THE DEGREE OF THE EFFECT AND WHETHER IT IS HARMFUL. IN A "TIGHT" SUBMARKET, THE RESULT CAN BE AN INCREASE IN RENTS, CLEARLY A NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCE FOR TENANTS, WHILE PROPERTY VALUES FOR HOME OWNERS MAY NOT RISE WITH RENTS IF THERE IS DOUBT ABOUT THE FUTURE DESIRABILITY OF THE AREA AS A PLACE OF RESIDENCE. OTHER CONSIDERATIONS FOR NONRELOCATED RESIDENTS INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING: (1) REMOVAL OF EMPLOYMENT, SHOPPING, SERVICES, RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES, AND FRINEDSHIPS; (2) CHANGE IN THE ACCESSIBILITY TO SUCH OPPORTUNITIES BOTH WITHIN AND OUTSIDE THE AREA, AND BY THE MODES OF TRANSPORT AVAILABLE TO THE RESIDENT, SUCH AS FOOT, PRIVATE VEHICLE, AND PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION; (3) IMPACTS ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, SUCH AS NOISE, AIR POLLUTION, AND AESTHETICS; AND (4) UTILITY OF THE AREA AS A PLACE OF RESIDENCE. /AUTHOR/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Pagination: p 173
  • Monograph Title: Social, Economic, and Environmental Factors of Transportation
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00240068
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309019692
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 8 1972 12:00AM