SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF A SYSTEM OF HIGH - ACCESSIBILITY CORRIDORS

A HIGH-ACCESSIBILITY CORRIDOR IS A STRIPLIKE CONCENTRATION OF LAND USES THAT REQUIRES ACCESSIBILITY TO ALL OR A LARGE SECTION OF THE METROPOLITAN AREA AND THAT IS ORGANIZED ALONG ONE OR MORE HIGH-SPEED, HIGH-CAPACITY TRANSPORTATION ROUTES. IF POLICIES ESTABLISHED BY THE CITY OF CHICAGO ARE TO BE ACHIEVED, THE CORRIDOR MUST ALSO SATISFY THE FOLLOWING CRITERIA: (1) IT MUST CONTAIN HIGH-SPEED, HIGH-CAPACITY TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES BOTH FOR PRIVATE MOTOR VEHICLES AND FOR PUBLIC TRANSIT, AND IT MAY ALSO CONTAIN RAILWAYS, WATERWAYS, OR OTHER FORMS OF GROUND TRANSPORTATION; (2) LAND USES WITHIN THE CORRIDOR MUST REQUIRE LEVELS OF ACCESSIBILITY COMPATIBLE WITH THE LEVELS OF ACCESSIBILITY PROVIDED BY THE TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES, AND THEY MUST BE OF SUCH INTENSITY AS TO SUPPORT BUT NOT HINDER THE EFFICIENT OPERATION OF THESE FACILITIES; (3) THE CORRIDOR MUST BE PLANNED AND PROGRAMMED TO MAXIMIZE DESIRABLE FUNCTIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES AND LAND USES; AND (4) THE CORRIDOR MUST FUNCTION AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE TOTAL SYSTEM OF HIGH-ACCESSIBILITY CORRIDORS. THE CONCEPT OF A SYSTEM OF SUCH CORRIDORS IS BEING APPLIED IN CHICAGO AS A BASIS FOR THE STRUCTURE AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE CITY AND ITS METROPOLITAN AREA. IT ARTICULATES THE 3 PRINCIPLES---ACCESSIBILITY, OPPORTUNITY, AND CONCENTRATION---THAT GUIDED ALL ELEMENTS OF THE 1966 COMPREHENSIVE PLAN OF CHICAGO. THIS PAPER DISCUSSES THE IMPACT OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEM ON THE SIX STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES OF THE 1966 PLAN: FAMILY LIFE AND ENVIRONMENT; EXPANDED OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE DISADVANTAGED; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND JOB OPPORTUNITIES; MOVING PEOPLE AND GOODS; PROPER ALLOCATION OF LAND; AND UNIFIED CITY DEVELOPMENT. IT CONCLUDES THAT THE CONCEPT IS IN PHYSICAL TERMS IDEALLY SUITED TO CHICAGO, BUT THAT THE REAL BENEFITS WILL EVENTUALLY BE MEASURED PRIMARILY IN SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC TERMS. FURTHERMORE, THE INITIAL APPLICATION OF THE CONCEPT TO CASE STUDIES IN METROPOLITAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING INDICATES THAT IT HAS WIDESPREAD UTILITY AND THAT THE ADVANTAGES WILL BE NO LESS DRAMACTIC AT THE LARGER SCALE. /AUTHOR/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: pp 119-129
  • Monograph Title: Social, Economic, and Environmental Factors of Transportation
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00240065
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309019692
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Mar 7 1972 12:00AM