COMMUNITY VALUES, SOCIAL MEASUREMENT, AND TRANSPORTATION POLICY

THE DIFFICULTY IS DISCUSSED OF USING VALUE SYSTEMS TO OBTAIN QUANTITATIVE INFORMATION ON VALUES A TRANSPORTATION PLANNER MUST HAVE. SOCIAL INDICATORS ARE DISCUSSED TO DETERMINE HOW MUCH IS OF VALUE. AT THE LEVEL OF THE CITY OR COMMUNITY, THE LACK OF SOCIAL INDICATORS IS A PROBLEM. IF THESE WERE AVAILABLE, BETTER JUDGEMENTS ABOUT COMMUNITY VALUES WOULD BE AVAILABLE, ALSO. AGGREGATE INDEXES USED IN NATIONAL INCOME STATISTICS ARE DISCUSSED. ONE AGGREGATION INDEX THAT MAY BE HELPFUL IS AN INDEX OF THE POPULATION'S HEALTH AND LIFE EXPECTANCY. THE POSSIBILITY OF AGGREGATING SOCIAL PHENOMENA THAT DO NOT HAVE A MARKET PRICE IS EXTREMELY DIFFICULT. ASSUMING THAT ALL DESIRED SOCIAL INDICATORS WERE AVAILABLE AND COMMUNITY VALUES WERE WELL KNOWN, IT IS STILL NECESSARY TO KNOW WHICH SOCIAL POLICIES WOULD BE MOST EFFECTIVE IN ACHIEVING THE COMMUNITY'S ENDS. THE NEED TO COMPARE THE VALUE A COMMUNITY PLACES UPON A PARTICULAR PUBLIC OBJECTIVE WITH THE COST OF ATTAINING THAT OBJECTIVE IS PARTICULARLY EMPHASIZED IN THE PLANNING- PROGRAMMING-BUDGETING (PPB) SYSTEM. SOME OF THE FEATURES OF THE PPB SYSTEM ARE REVIEWED. THE NEED TO CONSIDER THE WHOLE RANGE OF SOCIAL MECHANISMS FOR ACHIEVING AN OBJECTIVE IS CLEAR IN THE CASE OF HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION POLICY IN URBAN AREAS. THE TEXTBOOK VARIETY OF PPB SYSTEMS IS FOCUSED TOO EXCLUSIVELY ON BUDGET COSTS TO PROVIDE THE IDEAL ENVIRONMENT FOR ALL URBAN TRANSPORTATION ANALYSIS. A COMPLEX SYSTEM ANALYSIS IS NEEDED THAT WOULD ACCOUNT FOR MOVEMENTS IN ALL OF THE RELATED SOCIAL INDICATORS IN A METROPOLITAN AREA. THIS BROAD SYSTEMS ANALYSIS WOULD USE THE OPTIMIZATION APPROACH, AND THUS BE A LOGICAL EXTENSION OF THE PPB SYSTEM.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 95-106
  • Monograph Title: Transportation and community values
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239923
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 18 1994 12:00AM