OPENING STATEMENTS

MR. CAREY PRESENTS A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE OPERATIONS OF THE HIGHWAY RESEARCH BOARD. A SPECIAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE CHARIED BY E. H. HOLMES WAS ESTABLISHED BY THE BOARD'S DEPARTMENT OF URBAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING IN 1966. THIS COMMITTEE REPORTED THAT: (1) THERE APPEARS TO BE A LACK OF KNOWLEDGE CONCERNING SOCIO-ECONOMIC VALUES AS INPUTS TO VARIOUS SYSTEM ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES BEING EVOLVED AND AIMED PRIMARILY AT THE SOLUTION OF URBAN PROBLEMS, (2) THERE ARE MANY UNKNOWNS CONCERNING THE EFFECTS OF THE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF CITY GROWTH AND STRUCTURE, (3) THE VALUES IN ANY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM HAVE YET TO BE IDENTIFIED, (4) THE PROBLEM OF SCALES IN CONSIDERING VALUE IMPACTS IS PART AND PARCEL OF THE TOTAL VALUE QUESTION, (5) THE WHOLE VALUE QUESTION IS MUCH BROADER THAN TRANSPORTATION ALONE, AND (6) THE TESTING OR QUESTIONING OF VARIOUS VALUE ASSUMPTIONS AS INPUTS TO THE PLANNING PROCESS AND THEIR RESULTANT IMPACTS ON COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IS A SUBJECT MATTER THAT NEEDS GREATER CLARIFICATION. THE 1962 FEDERAL- AID HIGHWAY ACT RECOGNIZED ONE OF THE BASIC PLANNING WAS THE SOCIAL AND COMMUNITY VALUE AREA. MR. HOLMES EMPHASIZES THE NEED FOR: (1) A STATEMENT OF THE PRESENT STATE OF THE ART OF RELATING COMMUNITY VALUES TO ONE ANOTHER WITH EMPHASIS ON TRANSPORTATION, AND (2) ESTABLISHMENT OF THE AREA OF RESEARCH WHICH PROMISE TO BE MOST PRODUCTIVE IN IMPROVING THE CAPABILITY OF THE HIGHWAY OR OTHER TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITIES TO CARRY OUT THEIR PROGRAMS TO PROVIDE THE MAXIMUM IN VALUE FOR THE WHOLE COMMUNITY. APPROPRIATE TECHNIQUES ARE NOT AVAILABLE TO GAIN AN UNDERSTANDING OF COMMUNITY VALUES. THE BENEFIT-COST CONCEPT HAS BEEN DEVELOPED AND IMPROVED BY HIGHWAY ENGINEERS TO MEASURE ROAD- USER COSTS AND BENEFITS. THE MOBILITY PROVIDED BY THE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING STUDIES HAVE OPENDED UP NEW APPROACHES TO DETERMINING COMMUNITY GOALS, UNDERSTANDING PUBLIC ATTITUDES, AND EXPLORING ALTERNATIVES,SUCH AS THE JOINT DEVELOPMENT CONCEPTS. IT SEEMS THAT TRADE-OFFS BETWEEN TRANSPORTATION AND OTHER COMMUNITY VALUES ARE A PART OF LIFE. MR. HEARING COMMENTS THAT COMMUNITY VALUES MUST BE IDENTIFIED AND EXPRESSED. WHILE THE PURPOSE OF A TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IS TO PROVIDE MOBILITY, IT MUST ALSO CONTRIBUTE TO THE FULFILLMENT OF COMMUNITY GOALS AND DESIRES. TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS OFFER A DYNAMIC TOOL FOR ACHIEVING AND SERVING A BROAD RANGE OF SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND PHYSICAL DESIRES OF COMMUNITIES. TRANSPORTATION PLANNING MUST BE EXPANDED TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT ALL COMMUNITY GOALS.

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239918
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Dec 22 1994 12:00AM