COALITION TO ADVERSARY: CITIZEN PARTICIPATION IN THREE FEDERAL PROGRAMS

CITIZEN PARTICIPATION IN VARIOUS FORMS HAS BEEN A KEY ELEMENT IN THE KENNEDY ADMINISTRATION'S JUVENILE DELINQUENCY DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM, OFFICE OF ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY'S COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAM, AND HUD'S MODEL CITIES EFFORT. EACH OF THESE PROGRAMS ESTABLISHES A LOCAL PLANNING AGENCY TO ACT AS A CONDUIT FOR FEDERAL FUNDS, AIMS AT LOCAL PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT, AND IS COMPREHENSIVE IN SCOPE. EACH ENCOURAGES ORGANIZATION OF THE AFFECTED CITIZENS AS WELL AS THEIR PARTICIPATION IN THE POLICY-MAKING PROCESS. THE NEIGHBORHOOD INVOLVEMENT FROM ITS MINOR PLACE IN THE PUBLIC- PRIVATE POLICY COALITIONS OF THE DELINQUENCY PROGRAM IS TRACED THROUGH EXPANSION OF THE POLICY COALITION IN THE COMMUNITY ACTION OF THE AGENCIES TO THE MODEL CITIES PROGRAM WITH ADVERSARY RELATIONSHIPS, TO THE CITY GOVERNMENT AND ORGANIZED BLACK NEIGHBORHOODS, EACH PROFESSING INDEPENDENT AUTHORITY AS A PLANNING AND PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT. TEN PROPOSED MODEL CITY DECISION STRUCTURES ARE SURVEYED REFLECTING A VARIETY OF APPROACHES: (1) ALL OF THE PROPOSALS MADE CLEAR THAT ANY COALITION INVOLVING NEIGHBORHOOD PEOPLE WOULD BE ONLY ADVISORY IN NATURE, (2) FIVE PROPOSALS CHOSE TO FORM A COMMUNITY-WIDE COALITION AS AN ADVISORY BODY, (3) THREE OF THE PROPOSALS SOUGHT TO FORM AN ADVISORY GROUP MADE UP SOLELY OF NEIGHBORHOOD PEOPLE COUNTERBALANCED BY ANOTHER GROUP MADE UP SOLEY OF TECHNICIANS, AND (4) TWO OF THE TEN PROPOSALS' DECISION- MAKING STRUCTURE WAS SO CLOUDY THAT IT WAS DIFFICULT TO TELL WHAT THE INTENT WAS WITH REGARD TO NEIGHBORHOOD PARTICIPATION. DESPITE THE LANGUAGE OF THE COMMUNITY ACTION AGENCIES' GUIDE WHICH CALLED FOR TRADITIONAL DEMOCRATIC APPROACHES IN SELECTING REPRESENTATIVES FOR POLICY BOARDS, MUCH OF THE EARLY LEADERSHIP WAS HANDPICKED AND DEEMED REPRESENTATIVE BY VIRTUE OF COLOR RATHER THAN THE FACT THAT THEY LIVED IN TARGET NEIGHBORHOODS. IT IS IMPLIED THAT THE ISSUES OF CLASS AND CASTE REMAIN SEPARABLE. HOWEVER, THE FACT REMAINS THAT ORGANIZED COMMUNITIES ARE INCREASINGLY ABLE TO BARGAIN AND NEGOTIATE IN THEIR OWN BEHALF.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 35, No 4, PP 225-232, 1 PHOT
  • Authors:
    • Mogulof, M
  • Publication Date: 1969-7

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239909
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 29 1994 12:00AM