This article describes in detail various dummies that have been developed to meet the need for an anthropomorphic test dummy having adequate human-like biomechanical responses and high repeatability and reproducibility of test results. The dummies developed meet these goals with varying degrees of success. These dummies include: the GM-developed Hybrid II, which has been adopted by NHTSA in Regulation 572 Anthropomorphic Test Dummy, and is specified in MVSS 208 for testing passive restraint systems manufactured between August 15, 1973 and August 15, 1975; the Highway Safety Research Institute (University of Michigan) dummy, which was developed, under Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association contract, to meet the above-mentioned goals with a test dummy that would be suitable for use with protective devices that were to include inflatable restraints, and conventional interior padding, lap-shoulder belts, and steering systems; and an improved GM anthropomorphic dummy (GM-ATD 502), which was designed for use in the automotive seated position rather than the erect position of SAE J963 used in dummies of earlier design.

Media Info

  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: 9 p.
  • Serial:
    • Automotive Engineering
    • Volume: 82
    • Issue Number: 8
    • Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
    • ISSN: 0098-2571

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00260901
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 19 1974 12:00AM