Considering soil as an elastic medium, N.M. Newmark previously presented maximum strains in soil caused by a seismic stress wave. Straight underground structural elements can be designed conservatively using these strains and neglecting the slippage between the element and surrounding soil. If has been shown in this paper that underground elements with bends and branches are subjected to significant bending stresses due to the slippage. A simplified analytical procedure has been presented to account for this effect in the design of underground elements, e.g., piping, electrical cable ducts, and tunnels. The effect of modulus of subgrade reaction and the seismic wave velocity on these stresses in analyzed.

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  • Accession Number: 00260495
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Proc. Paper 10648
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 11 1974 12:00AM