The frequency diagram of public transport modes shows two marked characteristic rises. Public transport modes must maintain a service which is satisfactory in peak hours even though the high demand is only over a short period of time; this gives rise to high costs due to vehicles operating when empty. These costs, which are subject to inflation, and the characteristics of transport tied to a timetable result in the transport operators becoming powerless to prevent a deficit. Therefore the financial results of the transport business are no guide to the quality of service offered. Some efforts have been made to counteract the costs by the use of trailer vehicles and vehicles without conductors. An objective study of the nil tariff as a method of reorganizing public transport shows that this measure would bring about not only opportunity returns (avoidable costs) but also opportunity costs. These opportunity costs consist in a complete loss of tariffs paid and an increase in unavoidable costs resulting from the greater demand. Thus for economic reasons the nil tariff can only be accepted if the changes in the type of operation which have been discussed effect an actual reduction in the deficit (opportunity profit). Since public transport modes form a part of the infrastructure, the result of a productivity analysis is not sufficient for a decision in favor of the nil tariff. /TRRL/

  • Authors:
    • Haeseler, H
  • Publication Date: 1972


  • German

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 165-181
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00260294
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 20 1974 12:00AM